mail: kevinvallier-at-gmail-dot-com

Areas of Specialization: Political Philosophy, Ethics, Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (PPE)

Areas of Competence: Philosophy of Religion, History of Political Philosophy & Economics

Research Topics: Public Reason, Trust & Polarization, Religion & Politics, Economic Justice

Academic Appointments

2016-                        Associate Professor of Philosophy, Bowling Green State University.
2012-2016                Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Bowling Green State University.
2011-2012                Postdoctoral Associate, Political Theory Project, Brown University.


Ph.D. University of Arizona, Philosophy, 2011.

B.A. Washington University in St. Louis, Philosophy (economics minor), cum laude, 2004.


Liberal Politics and Public Faith: Beyond Separation,Routledge, 2014.

Must Politics Be War? Restoring Our Trust in the Open Society, Oxford University Press, 2019.

Social Trust in a Polarized Age, Oxford University Press, forthcoming.

Edited Volumes

Political Utopias: Contemporary Debates (Vallier & Weber),Oxford University Press, 2017. 

Religious Exemptions (Vallier & Weber), Oxford University Press, 2018.

Peer Reviewed Publications

2019    “Exit, Voice, and Public Reason,” American Political Science Review, forthcoming.

2019    “In Defense of Idealization in Public Reason,” Erkenntnis, forthcoming.

2019    “Rawls, Piketty, and the Critique of the Welfare State,” Journal of Politics, forthcoming.

2019    “The Reasons of Liberalism’s Religion: On Laborde’s Account of Public Justification,” Journal of Applied Philosophy, forthcoming.

2019    “Diverse Partisanship: On the Ethics of Political Parties,” Res Publica, forthcoming.

2019    “Political Liberalism and the Radical Consequences of Justice Pluralism,” Journal of Social Philosophy, forthcoming.

2018    “Political Stability in the Open Society,” (Thrasher & Vallier), American Journal of Political Science, 62(2). 398-409.

2018    “Constitutional Choice Renewed: A Synthesis of Public Reason and Public Choice Approaches,” Constitutional Political Economy, 29(2), 115-136.

2018    “Public Reason in the Open Society,” Cosmos & Taxis, 5(2): 38-46.

2017    “Three Concepts of Political Stability,” Social Philosophy & Policy, 34(1): 232-259.

2017    “On Jonathan Quong’s Sectarian Political Liberalism,” Criminal Law & Philosophy, 11: 175-94.

2017    “Second Person Rules: An Alternative Approach to Second-Personal Normativity,” Res Publica, 23(1): 23-42.

2016    “On the Inevitability of Nudging,” Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, 14: 817-828.

2016    “Public Reason is Not Self-Refuting,” American Philosophical Quarterly, 53(4): 349-363.

2016    “Religious Freedom and the Reasons for Rights,” Philosophy & Public Issues 6(1): 9-24.

2016    “In Defense of Intelligible Reasons in Public Justification,” Philosophical Quarterly 66 (264): 596-616.

2016    “In Defense of the Asymmetric Convergence Model of Public Justification,” Ethical Theory & Moral Practice 19(1): 255-266.

2016    “The Moral Basis of Religious Exemptions,” Law & Philosophy 35(1): 1-28.

2015    “Is Economic Rationality in the Head?” Minds & Machines 25(4): 339-360.

2015    “Public Justification versus Public Deliberation: The Case for Divorce,” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45(2): 139-158.

2015    “The Fragility of Consensus: Public Reason, Diversity and Stability,” (Thrasher & Vallier), European Journal of Philosophy 23(4): 933-954.

2015    “A Moral and Economic Critique of the New Property-owning Democrats: On Behalf of a Rawlsian Welfare State,” Philosophical Studies 172(2): 283-304.

2015    “On Distinguishing Publicly Justified Polities from Modus Vivendi Regimes,” Social Theory & Practice 41(2): 207-229.

2014    “The Origin and Future of Political Liberalism,” Journal of Moral Philosophy 11: 1-18.

2013   “The Normative Significance of Conscience: A Contractualist Account,” (Swan & Vallier) in Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy, 6(3): 1-21.

2012   “Morality and Aspiration in Bourgeois Dignity,” in Journal of Socio-Economics, 41(6): 776-782.

2012   “Can Liberal Perfectionism Justify Religious Toleration? Wall on Promoting and Respecting,” in Philosophical Studies, 162(3): 645-664.

2012   “Liberalism, Religion and Integrity,” in Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 90(1): 149-165.

2011   “Introduction,” in Convergence Justifications in Public Reason Symposium, Public Affairs Quarterly, 25(4): 257-259.

2011   “Consensus and Convergence in Public Reason,” in Convergence Justifications in Public Reason Symposium, Public Affairs Quarterly, 25(4): 261-279.

2011   “Against Public Reason’s Accessibility Requirement,” in Journal of Moral Philosophy, 8(3): 366-389.

2010   “Production, Distribution and J.S. Mill,” in Utilitas, 22(2): 103-125.

2009   “The Roles of Religious Conviction in a Publicly Justified Polity: The Implications of Convergence, Asymmetry and Political Institutions,” (Gaus & Vallier) in Philosophy and Social Criticism 35(1): 51-76.

Chapters in Companions/Edited Volumes

2017    “The Moral Basis of Religious Disestablishment,” in Religion and Liberal Political Philosophy, edited by Cecile Laborde and Aurelia Bardon, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 103-117.

2013   “Religion in Public Life,” (Eberle & Vallier) in The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy, edited by Gerald Gaus & Fred D’Agostino, London: Routledge, 800-11.

2012   “Public Discourse,” in Philosophy and Politics: Method, Tools, Topics, edited by Antonella Besussi, Farnham, U.K.: Ashgate, 100-115.


2019    Nelson Tebbe, Religious Freedom in an Egalitarian Age, Journal of Moral Philosophy, forthcoming.

2018    John Corvino, Ryan T. Anderson, and Sherif Girgis, Debating Religious Liberty and Discrimination, Faith & Philosophy, forthcoming.

2014    Review of Andrew Lister, Public Reason and Political Community in Notre Dame Review of Books, Gary and Anastasia Friel Gutting (eds), published November 4th, 2014. <>.

2014    Review of Nicholas Wolterstorff, Understanding Liberal Democracy in Faith and Philosophy, 31(3): 345-348.

2014   Review of Samuel Fleischaker, Divine Teaching and the Way of the World in Mind, 123: 207-210.

2012   Review of Nicholas Southwood, Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality in Notre Dame Review of Books, Gary and Anastasia Friel Gutting (eds), published October 14th, 2012. Find it here.

2010   Review of Thomas Scanlon, Moral Dimensions: Permissibility, Meaning, Blame in The Journal of Value Inquiry, 44: 561-565

Encyclopedia Entries

2018    Entry on “Public Justification,” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward N. Zalta, updated on March 1st, 2018, <>.

2017    “Religion and Politics,” The Routledge Handbook of Libertarianism, edited by Jason Brennan, Bas van der Vossen, and David Schmidtz, Routledge.

2015    “Liberalism,” Vocabulary for the Study of Religion, edited by Robert Segal and Kocku von Stuckrad. Brill Press.

2014   Entries on “Liberty of Conscience,” “Martin Luther King,” and “Public Choice Theory,” in A Rawls Lexicon, edited by Jon Mandle and David Reidy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming.

Policy Papers 

2018    “Social and Political Trust: Concepts, Causes, and Consequences,” Knight Foundation, <>.

Selected Presentations

2019     “Political Trust.” PPE Society Meeting in New Orleans.
2019      Must Politics Be War? Author-meets-critics, PPE Society Meeting in New Orleans.
2019      Must Politics Be War? Author-meets-critics, APA, Pacific.
2018     “The Normative Significance of Social Trust.” PPE Society Meeting in New Orleans.
2017     “Theological Reconciliation through the Public Use of Reason.” Oxford University.
2017     “Social Trust and Public Reason.” PPE Society Meeting in New Orleans.
2017     “Social Trust and Public Reason.” University of Maryland.
2017     “Social Trust and Public Reason.” Tulane University.
2016     Must Politics Be War? Manuscript Workshop. Brown University.
2016    “The Intrinsic Value of Publicly Justified Action.” Brown University.
2016    “Public Justification Grounded in Social Trust.” Brown University.
2016    “Public Justification Grounded in Social Trust.” Australian Association of Philosophy.
2016    “The Moral Basis of Religious (Dis)Establishment.” McGill University.
2015    “Can We Never Not Nudge?” Georgetown University.
2015    “Constitutional Choice: A Three-Stage Model.” McGill University.
2015    “The Moral Basis of Religious Exemptions.” University College London.
2015     Liberal Politics and Public Faith, author-meets-critics panel, Pacific APA.
2014    “Rawls, Piketty and the Case against the Welfare State.” Chapman University.
2014    “Rawls, Piketty and the Case for Property-Owning Democracy.” Georgetown University.
2014    “Liberal Politics and Public Faith.” George State University
2014    “How to Publicly Justify Religious Exemptions.” Wheaton College.
2014    “Public Reason and Public Choice.” University of Birmingham.
2014    “Justice Pluralism: A Defense.” University of Turin
2014    “A Genuinely Liberal Approach to Religion in Democratic Politics.” Duke University.
2013     Beyond Separation, Current Research Workshop, University of Arizona.
2013    “Religion and Public Education.” Wheaton College.
2013    “Public Reason and Public Choice: A Synthesis.” George Mason University, PPE Group.
2013    “The Intelligibility Requirement.” Ohio State University.
2012    “In Defense of Unacceptable Reasons.” MANCEPT Workshop, University of Manchester.
2012    “Sen and Cohen on Ideal Theory: What’s Really Going On?”  APEE.
2011    “The Eligibility of a Polycentric Constitution.” American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division.
2011    “Capitalism: What Is It? Why Have It?” The University of Kentucky.
2011    “Religion in Public Life: What’s the Problem?” Brown University.
2011    “Liberalism, Religion and the Promise of Convergence.” University of Tennessee.
2010   “Convergence and Consensus in Public Reason.” American Political Science Association.
2009   “Liberalism without Privatization.” American Philosophical Association, Central Division.
2008   “A Religious Challenge to Justificatory Liberalism.” CUNY Graduate Conference.
2007   “Two Religious Challenges to Justificatory Liberalism.” Arizona Workshop in Philosophy.
2007   “Liberalism and Economic Growth.” American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division.

Selected Awards

2011    Post-Doctoral Fellowship, Brown University, Political Theory Project.
2010   Arizona Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences Fellowship (university-wide).


At Bowling Green:

2018   History of Political Philosophy, Spring – PHIL 6220
2018   The Methods of Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, Spring – PPEL 3100
2017   History of Political Economy, Fall – PPEL 3000/PHIL 3400
2017   Philosophy of Religion, Summer – PHIL 3170
2017   The Methods of Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, Spring – PPEL 3100
2016   History of Political Economy, Fall – PPEL 3000/PHIL 3400
2016   Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, Fall – PPEL/PHIL 2240
2016   Philosophy of Religion, Summer – PHIL 3170
2016   Introduction to Ethics, Summer – PHIL 1020
2016   Public Reason, Spring 2016 – PHIL 7800
2015   Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy, Fall 2015 – PHIL 2240
2015   Philosophy of Religion, Summer 2015 – PHIL 3170
2015   Introduction to Ethics, Summer 2015 – PHIL 1020
2015   Methods in Philosophy, Politics and Economics, Spring 2015 – PHIL 7800
2015   Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, Spring 2015 – PHIL 4240
2014   Deliberative Democracy: New Directions, Fall 2014 – PHIL 7800
2014   Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, Fall 2014 – PHIL 2240
2014   Philosophy of Religion, Summer 2014 – PHIL 3170
2014   Introduction to Ethics, Summer 2014 – PHIL 1020
2014   Ideal and Non Ideal Theory, Spring 2014 – PHIL 7800
2014   Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, Spring 2014 – PHIL 2240
2014   Philosophy of Religion, Spring 2014 – PHIL 3170
2013   Introduction to Ethics, Fall 2013 – PHIL 1020
2013   Social and Political Philosophy, Fall 2013 – PHIL 3120
2013   Philosophy of Religion, Summer 2013 – PHIL 3170
2013   History of Political Philosophy, Spring 2013 – PHIL 6620
2013   Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, Spring 2013 – PHIL 2240
2012   Public Reason, Fall 2012 (graduate seminar) – PHIL 7800
2012   Philosophy of Religion, Summer, Fall 2012 – PHIL 3170

At Brown:

2011   Prosperity and Poverty, Fall 2011 – POLS 1150
2011   Economic Freedom and Social Justice, Fall 2011 – POLS 2230 (with John Tomasi)

Professional Service

2018     Director, Social Trust, BGSU Philosophy Conference.
2014-8 Director, Bowling Green State University, Philosophy, Politics, Economics and Law Program.
2015     Director, The Scope of Religious Exemptions, BGSU Conference in Applied Ethics and Public Policy.
2014     Director, Political Utopia: Promise or Peril?, BGSU Conference in Applied Ethics and Public Policy.
2012     Guest Editor, Public Affairs Quarterly, vol.25 (4), “Convergence Justifications in Public Reason.”
2011     Lead Facilitator, Public Reason Blog Reading Group on The Order of Public Reason.
2011     Assistant Director, University of Arizona, The Order of Public Reason Conference.
2010    Assistant Editor, Creating Wealth: Ethical and Economic Perspectives, edited by David Schmidtz, San Diego: Cognella, July 2010.

Occasional Referee for: Ethics; American Political Science Review, Ethical Theory & Moral Practice; Politics, Philosophy & Economics; Political Studies; Theoria; Res Publica; Philosophers’ Imprint; Social Theory & Practice; Journal of Political Philosophy; Australasian Journal of Philosophy; Philosophical Quarterly; Journal of Politics..

Interviews, Blogging

2011    Philosophy TV discussion, “Political Liberalism and Religion,” with Jason Brennan. (link here). Contributor to Public Reason and PEA Soup blogs.


Gerald Gaus
James E. Rogers Professor of Philosophy
University of Arizona

Nicholas Wolterstorff
Noah Porter Professor of Philosophical Theology, Emeritus.
Yale University
Senior Fellow, Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, University of Virginia.

Charles Larmore
W. Duncan MacMillan Family Professor in the Humanities
Professor of Philosophy
Brown University

John Tomasi
Associate Professor of Philosophy
Director, Political Theory Project
Brown University

Mark Murphy
McDevitt Chair of Religious Philosoph
Professor of Philosophy
Georgetown University

Andrew Koppelman
John Paul Stevens Professor of Law
and Professor of Political Science
Northwestern University

Christopher J. Eberle
Associate Professor of Philosophy
United States Naval Academy

Steven Wall
Associate Professor of Philosophy
Freedom Center
University of Arizona

Robert Talisse
W. Alton Jones Professor of Philosophy
Department Chair
Vanderbilt University

Paul Weithman
Glynn Family Honors Collegiate
Professor of Philosophy
University of Notre Dame

Michael Munger
Professor of Political Science, Economics, and Public Policy
Duke University